It may have both an anti-spirochaete activity and an anti-inflammatory activity, similar to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. And caution is required if patients have certain heart conditions, diabetes, psoriasis etc. Rosuvastatin and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil eye problems Hydroxychloroquine treats malaria, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatic disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, porphyria cutanea tarda, and Q fever. In 2014, its efficacy to treat Sjögren syndrome was questioned in a double-blind study involving 120 patients over a 48-week period. Hydroxychloroquine is an antimalarial agent that has been used in systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis treatment for many years. Recently, novel mechanisms of action have been proposed, thereby broadening the therapeutic perspective of. Recently, an altered chloroquine-transporter protein CG2 of the parasite has been related to chloroquine resistance, but other mechanisms of resistance also appear to be involved. Research on the mechanism of chloroquine and how the parasite has acquired chloroquine resistance is still ongoing, as other mechanisms of resistance are likely. The most serious adverse effects affect the eye, with dose-related retinopathy as a concern even after hydroxychloroquine use is discontinued. The most common adverse effects are a mild nausea and occasional stomach cramps with mild diarrhea. Chloroquine sle mechanism Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug., Hydroxychloroquine decreases Th17-related cytokines in systemic lupus. Chloroquine injectionHydroxychloroquine plaquenil for malaria protection peru Chloroquine analogues prevent lupus flares clinically and increase the long-term survival of patients with systemic SLE, cutaneous LE CLE or discoid LE. 11–14 These drugs are also effective for the treatment of lupus patients who are pregnant, for neonates with lupus, or lupus patients who also have other diseases such as osteonecrosis and. Chloroquine analogues in drug discovery new directions of.. Chloroquine - Wikipedia. Chloroquine C18H26ClN3 - PubChem. Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Mechanism of action The mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of Plaquenil are unknown. Indications and Usage for Plaquenil Malaria. Plaquenil is indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. These compounds lead to improvement of clinical and laboratory parameters, but their slow onset of action distinguishes them from glucocorticoids and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents. Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine phosphate have shown beneficial effects in treating discoid lupus erythematosus DLE. Additionally, The antimalarial drugs may prevent the development of systemic lupus erythematosus SLE in patients with DLE, and they might decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease.